Penal Cross

The “Penal Cross” sculpture in Bog Oak is approximately 20cm in length. The piece features a sculptured figure on the natural finished cross. The base is made from natural stone.

During the Penal Laws period in Ireland when a Catholic priest was forbidden to celebrate mass, it became common for the priest to say mass in remote areas on a rock, (later to be known as a mass rock). He carried a small cross hidden up his sleeve, which he placed on the rock.
My design has been taken from the Kilnacarrow Penal Cross (Longford). The date 1726 is carved into the back. It has been passed down in the McKenna Family through the generations.

Dimensions: 20cm (8″)

Note* Each piece of bog wood is different and unique. As such the sculpture you receive will have the same theme as shown above along with the same approximate dimensions but it may look slightly different to the example shown.

Price: €85.00

To view video of sculpture please click on link below

From: The School of Geosciences, Queens University, Belfast


The radiocarbon date determined for the Bog Yew is 3717 years before present day. Comparing this result with the international standard radiocarbon calibration curve, we get a calendrical date of 2137 BC. The error limits on this calendrical date are – 65 and 102 years. We are 95.4% confident that the true date lies between 2035 BC and 2202 BC.

The radiocarbon date determined for the Bog Oak is 470BP. This date intercepts the calibration curve in 3 places yielding dates 3504, 3405 and 3384 BC. In this case we are 95.4% confident that the true date lies between 3370 BC and 3621 BC.

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